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We have asked you to collect three pieces of evidence for each of your students. Our document Collecting and using evidence to support school-assessed grades – November 2021 (PDF, 702KB) explains how you should work out your school-assessed grades from this evidence.
We understand that it is difficult to consider a portfolio of student evidence and then work out what grade should be given to the student – so our guidance gives you some structure to support this task, and also explains how to use your professional discretion to combine the pieces of evidence in the way that works best for your students.
The document above gives you the information that you will need to support your processes for marking and allocating final grades to students, to help ensure fairness and consistency in your approach. This guidance also includes case studies showing different ways of balancing the evidence to arrive at a final grade.
We have published guidance for avoiding bias and remaining objective in deciding students’ grades (PDF, 172KB). We strongly recommend that you read this and consider what steps you will take to ensure your schools’ decisions are objective judgements.
You must complete a Rationale Document for each syllabus for which you are submitting grades to us. The Rationale Document will guide you through what to consider when determining students’ grades.
You can download Rationale Document templates below in the format that best suits you and your teachers. We can accept submissions in Word or PDF.
Rationale Document (Word) (DOCX, 84KB)
Rationale Document (PDF) (PDF, 821KB)
Please note: if you expect to paste tables of information or images into the Rationale Document, use the Word version.
To help you understand what to include in the Rationale Document and the level of detail needed, we have produced the following example completed Rationale Documents below. Please note; these example Rationale Documents were first produced for the June 2021 series. Our guidance for completing the Rationale Document has not changed since then.
Rationale Document Example 1 (PDF, 328KB)
Rationale Document Example 2 (PDF, 336KB)
Rationale Document Example 3 (PDF, 347KB)
Please complete the Rationale Document in parallel with determining and submitting students’ grades. It will support you in accounting for all the areas that should be considered in deciding final grades, and it will also serve as a valuable record of your processes and decision-making should you need to refer back to them. As well as explaining your process and decision-making to us if required, it will also help explain these to your students and parents.
You must not tell students the overall final grade that you have allocated. Students must not know the final grade before results are released in January 2022.
We will ask to see your Rationale Document alongside portfolios of student evidence as part of our Quality Assurance process.